Bleeding Gums? Bad Breath? Sensitive Teeth? Receding Gums?
What is gum disease?
It is usually caused by a build-up of plaque on our teeth. Plaque is a collection of millions of bacteria that cause an infection.
The body fights this infection and destroys the gum tissue and ultimately the bone that supports your gums.
Once the bone is lost you lose your teeth.
What are the signs and symptoms of gum disease?
Meticulous cleaning of teeth each day can help prevent gum disease. However it the disease has progressed you need to be seen by us to make sure we can help prevent further destruction.
How do you get swollen gums?
This leads to collection of fluid under the gums leading to swollen gums.
What about sore gums?
This process is called inflammation and leads to sore gums.
The different stages of gum disease
With time there is an increase in the destruction of the gum tissue and bone leading to more serious issues.
Severe dental pain can be the result of bacteria attacking the roots of your teeth. If the decay has not yet destroyed the surrounding gums and bone, then the tooth can be saved with a root canal treatment.
In this treatment we will remove the dead nerves and infected pus, disinfect the area, and then fill it in with a special filling, to protect the teeth from bacteria.
The gum margin that seals to the tooth is weakened, allowing bacteria and their products to cause more inflammation in the structures below the gum margin.
These structures include the covering of the tooth root (cementum), the bone, and the fibres that connect the cementum to the bone (periodontal ligament).
As the disease destroys these structures, spaces form between the tooth and the gum, as the bone is lost.
These spaces are called ‘periodontal pockets’. Further signs of periodontitis include bleeding, swelling and receding gums together with bad breath, a bad taste in the mouth and loose teeth.
How does loose teeth come into play?
Normal, Healthy Gingiva (Gums)
Healthy gums and bone anchor teeth firmly in place.
Unremoved, plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As Plaque and calculus continue to build up, the gums begin to recede (pull away) from the teeth, and pockets from between the teeth and gums.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
However, factors like the following also affect the health of your gums.
Therefore if these blood vessels are closed then there is no nutrients or oxygen reaching the tissues. This causes the gum tissue to die and ultimately lead to loss of teeth.
Stress is also a risk factor for periodontal disease.
These infections can impair the ability to process and/or utilize insulin, which may cause your diabetes to be more difficult to control and your infection to be more severe than a non-diabetic.
Take the Step.
Call Smile Concepts Today.
A Smile can open doors and change lives.
Dr Manish Shah
BDS (Hons), MBBS, MMED (Sleep Med)
Dr. Manish Shah is a cometic dentist with a special interest in porcelain veneers, dental implants and Invisalign. He is also a medical doctor with an expertise in sleep & craniofacial pain medicine practising at Smile Concepts.
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