Causes of Periodontal Disease
The main cause of periodontal disease is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth. However, factors like the following also affect the health of your gums.
1. Gum Disease due to Smoking/Tobacco Use
Smoking leads to closure of micro blood vessels that transport essential oxygen to tissues so the gum can heal and survive. Therefore if these blood vessels are closed then there is no nutrients or oxygen reaching the tissues. This causes the gum tissue to die and ultimately lead to loss of teeth.
Research proves that up to 30% of the population may be genetically susceptible to gum disease..
3. Pregnancy and Puberty
Changes in hormones during pregnancy can lead to an increased response to bacteria leading to swelling and bleeding of gums.
As you probably already know, stress is linked to many serious conditions such as hypertension, cancer, and numerous other health problems. Stress is also a risk factor for periodontal disease.
Some drugs, such as oral contraceptives, anti-depressants, and certain heart medicines, can lead to an increased response to gum disease leading to swelling and bleeding of the gums.
6. Clenching or Grinding Your Teeth
Clenching or grinding your teeth can put excess force on the supporting tissues of the teeth and could speed up the rate at which these periodontal tissues are destroyed.
Diabetes is a disease that causes altered levels of sugar in the blood. If you are diabetic, you are at higher risk for developing infections, including periodontal diseases. These infections can impair the ability to process and/or utilize insulin, which may cause your diabetes to be more difficult to control and your infection to be more severe than a non-diabetic.
8. Poor Nutrition
A diet low in important nutrients can compromise the body's immune system and make it harder for the body to fight off infection. Because periodontal disease is a serious infection, poor nutrition can worsen the condition of your gums.
9. Other Systemic Diseases
Diseases that interfere with the body's immune system may worsen the condition of the gums.
What Are the Dangers Associated with Mercury Fillings?
You should clean your teeth carefully every day with a soft, small headed toothbrush. The area where the gum meets the tooth should also be cleaned to ensure the gum tissue and supporting structure remains healthy. The careful use of dental floss between teeth also assists in removal of plaque. This will prevent the formation of a gum infection.
While it is tempting to avoid cleaning your gums when they are inflamed and bleeding, brushing will help improve the situation. Professional scaling and cleaning at smile concepts allows you to keep your smile healthy and disease free.
If you've already lost a tooth to gum infection, you may be interested in dental implants the permanent tooth replacement option.