Types of periodontal disease
There are many forms of periodontal disease. The most common ones include the following.
Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good at home oral care.
2. Aggressive Periodontitis
A form of periodontitis that occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction and familial aggregation.
3. Chronic Periodontitis
A form of periodontal disease resulting in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment and bone loss and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva. It is recognized as the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis. It is prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age. Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.
4. Periodontitis as a Manifestation of Systemic Diseases
Periodontititis, often with onset at a young age, associated with one of several systemic diseases, such as diabetes.
5. Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases
An infection characterized by necrosis of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. These lesions are most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions including, but not limited to, HIV infection, malnutrition and immunosuppression.
What is the treatment for periodontal disease and continuing care
The type of gum treatment performed is based on whether you have gingivitis or periodontitis. Gingivitis is a simple type of periodontal disease, which means that it will be taken care of in one visit. Typically all that is required is a thorough dental cleaning. Periodontitis on the other hand, is more problematic and may take more than one visit to cure completely. We use LASERS to help eradicate the infection and facilitate healing.
The treatment of periodontal gum disease does not stop after treating it once. You must continue with the care of your teeth rather than wait for a problem to occur again. Regularly schedules dental cleanings and proper oral hygiene are typically all that needs to be done in order to prevent periodontal disease.
Remember, the early treatment of periodontal disease will prevent worst-case scenarios such as tooth loss.